Monday, June 29, 2015
Saturday, June 27, 2015
사슴벌레가 곤충,절지류에서 전투력 최상위권같다
사슴벌레 vs 자이언트 데져트 헤리전갈(사막 전갈중에 제일 큰 전갈) 사슴벌레 승
사슴벌레 vs 기간티아 지네(세계에서 제일 큰 지네) 사슴벌레 승
사슴벌레 vs 아프리카 킹바분(아프리카에 사는 대형종 타란튤라
사슴벌레 vs 장수말벌 사슴벌레 승
사슴벌레 vs 미옥크(대형 귀뚜라미) 사슴벌레 승
사슴벌레 vs 사우스 아프리칸 틱테일 전갈(독침꼬리가 존나 두껍고 독주입량이 많은 남아공에사는 전갈) 사슴벌레 승
사슴벌레 vs 바리다방패 사마귀 사슴벌레 승
지금까지 사슴벌레와 싸움 대형 곤충,절지류중에 사슴벌레의 두꺼운 갑옷껍질 때문에 이긴놈들이 없었다
Monday, June 22, 2015
Saturday, June 20, 2015
우리몸의 면역력과도 관련이 있다고 합니다.
따라서 알비노증 (멜라닌 결핍으로 인한 백색증) 에 걸린 사람들이
감기에도 잘걸리고 피부병이나 각종 질환에 걸릴 확률이 더 높다고 합니다.
또한 우리 피부에 색소침착(주근깨나 반점등이 생기는 현상)등이 사실은 멜라닌 색소가
피부를 보호하기 위해 그러한 반응을 보이는 거라는 군요~예를 들어 햇빛을 본 다음 피부가
빨갛게 달아오르면서 피부에 검은 반점이 생기는 것도 자외선으로부터 피부를 보호하기 위해
멜라닌 색소가 피부 표면으로 올라오는 것이구요~ 이를 막기위해선 선크림 등 자외선 차단제는 필수구요~
이를 미루어 보았을때 멜라닌색소가 적다면 자외선이 몸에 들어왔을때 지켜주는 보호막이 적다는
이야기겠지요~특히나 눈같은 곳은 자외선에 취약하니 근시나 난시 발생률이 높을수 있겠죠?
실제로 백색증에 걸린 아이가 점차 시력을 잃어간다는 뉴스도 본적이 있습니다.
Wednesday, June 10, 2015
The flow of history sometimes takes some devious twists and turns in its course of events. Such is the case with our own modern science, which received its legacy of Greek science and math not directly from the Greeks, but by way of Islam. Indeed, one of Islam's greatest cultural legacies was the preservation of Greek philosophy, math, and science. Islam and the rise of the Arab empire affected Arab math and science in two ways. First of all, rather than rejecting ancient Greek learning, Muslim culture remained quite open to it. The story goes that the caliph al-Ma'mun had a dream where the Greek philosopher Aristotle assured him that there was no conflict between reason and faith. This revelation led al-Ma'mun to start gathering the works of the Greek philosophers. Second, the rise of their empire directly exposed the Arabs to Byzantine and Persian cultures that still carried on ancient scholarship. Therefore, the Arabs were both willing and able to absorb Greek math and science.
There were three things the Arabs needed to do: get copies of the Greek texts, translate them, and provide funding for these endeavors. As far as getting the books was concerned, many of them had fallen into Arab hands through conquest. However, there were still many texts that they needed. Sometimes they would negotiate with the Byzantines for copies of these books. At other times, raids into Byzantine territory would actually be aimed at seizing such works along with more material plunder.
Once these works had been gathered, the Arabs needed to translate them into Arabic. Luckily, Islam attracted a large number of converts, among them many men educated in Greek. However, since the Koran at that time was written only in Arabic, new converts had to learn that tongue in order to read Islam's holy book. As a result, Islam's appeal created a number of brilliant translators.
Funding largely came from the caliphs themselves. Caliph Ma'mun founded a palace learning center known as the House of Wisdom where many of the most brilliant minds of the age were gathered to translate Greek works and then add to this knowledge. The budget for the House of Wisdom was 500 gold dinars a month, with fifty-seven translators working there at one point. The translator, Hunayn, was supposedly paid the weight of his translated books in gold.
All this led to a level of scholarship that was unsurpassed in its day. Since books were hand written, and thus prone to a growing number of mistakes as each generation of books was copied, the translators would gather as many copies of a particular book as they could. They would then compare these texts to see which was probably closest version to the original text. Just compiling such critical texts alone was one of Islam's greatest legacies to us.
Starting with this excellent base of Greek knowledge, the Arabs made their own advances in the fields of Mathematics, medicine, and physics. Since Islam also encompassed part of India, its math was assimilated into the larger body of mathematical knowledge and passed on to us. The Indians came up with two very valuable concepts that simplify math for us immensely: place value digits and zero. As brilliant as Greek math was, it did not have these two tools, thus severely limiting what it could accomplish, since any math using Roman numerals is extremely cumbersome. Because of such limits, Greek math excelled in geometry, which could function better than other branches of math without place value digits and zero. Even proofs in non-geometric math were done with the brilliant use of geometric figures to illustrate problems.
The Muslims embraced Greek geometry wholeheartedly. One need only look at Islamic art and architecture to see their fascination with various geometric shapes and the ingenious things they could do with them. The religious ban on portraying the human figure certainly spurred Muslim art to excel in this direction.
However, the Muslims did not just slavishly copy the Greeks. Rather, they made their own original contributions in the fields of mathematics, medicine, and physics. Equipped with the Indian place value digits and zero, they developed trigonometry and first clearly defined sine, cosine, and cotangent functions. They further developed algebra (from the Arabic, al-jabr, which means "the missing"). The mathematician al-Khwarizmi wrote the first textbook on algebra and was probably the first to solve quadratic equations with two variables. In future centuries his textbook would be the basis for European algebra. It has been said that science is always pushing against the frontiers of math. If that is true, then the Muslim mathematicians certainly allowed those frontiers to be expanded considerably.
As advanced as Islamic math and science were for their day, we should keep in mind that scientists then were not specialized in the way scientists today are. For example, the translator Qusta ibn Luqa wrote on such topics as politics, medicine, insomnia, paralysis, fans, causes of the wind, logic, dyes, nutrition, geometry, astronomy, etc.
The Arabs also excelled in medicine. The great physician al-Rhazi, or, as he was known in Europe, Rhazes (865-923), correctly differentiated between the symptoms of small pox and measles and showed that diagnosis on the basis of examining a patient's urine was not very useful. He also used animal gut for suturing wounds and developed mercurial ointments for treating skin and eye diseases. Keep in mind that the accomplishments of Muslim science were done without the microscope. Not until that was invented in the 1600's would scientists be able to see microbes and understand the real causes of most diseases. This makes Muslim medicine seem all the more remarkable.
Al-Rhazi also knew how to use psychological treatment. It is said that he was once commissioned to cure a caliph stricken with paralysis. He took the caliph to a cave and threatened him with a knife. The enraged caliph got up and chased al-Rhazi out of the cave and into exile. Al-Rhazi later sent a letter explaining that was the treatment, and the caliph subsequently rewarded the physician.
Muslim scientists also made advances in physics and optics, anticipating later European theories on specific gravity and developing formulae for figuring specific and absolute weights of objects. They calculated the size of the earth to an unprecedented degree of accuracy, though they still followed Aristotle in their belief in the geocentric (earth centered) universe. Muslim scientists disproved the Greek theory that light emanates from the eye to the object perceived. Ibn al-Hathan showed this theory was wrong by studying how light is refracted through water.
Muslim civilization peaked around 1000 C.E. But, as with other civilizations, a higher level of culture tended to make the Arabs soft and open to attack. Also, Arab civilization was also running into problems of internal decay that triggered two waves of invasions. First came the Seljuk Turks out of Central Asia. Although they did adopt Islam & restore some of its unity, the arrival of these Asiatic nomads initially had a somewhat disruptive effect on Arab culture and its attitudes toward the outside world. Even more upsetting in this respect were the Crusades, wars of conquest waged by Christians from Western Europe to recover Palestine for their faith. Unlike the Turks, the Crusaders were not about to convert to Islam and were much more hostile toward and destructive of Arab civilization, especially in the early years of the crusading era. Finally, the most destructive invasions of all came from the Mongol onslaught in the 1200's. The wholesale massacres of populations and destruction of cities that they committed dealt a terrible blow to Islamic civilization. These invasions were such a shock to the Arabs that Muslim culture became much more resistant to new ideas and foreign influences, making it more conservative and inward looking.
This helped cause a religious reaction against putting too much emphasis on science and reason and too little emphasis on faith. Except for the House of Wisdom, science and learning were largely supported by religious institutions and thus subject to their conservative influences. Also there arose a mystical movement known as Sufism, which discredited learning and reason, believing in a more direct and mystical experience with God. From this point on, Muslim science and math started to stagnate.
However, Islamic science spread to Western Europe and survived. By the 1100's, translations of Arabic texts were making their way from Muslim Spain into European universities. These Arab texts stimulated the growth of Western science, which is the dominant scientific tradition today. We should never lose sight of the fact that our own science today rests squarely on the accomplishments of Muslim science, which, as a result, is still very much alive.
Sunday, June 7, 2015
첫번짜 예 베트남여자: 외모가 이렇게 비슷하게 귀여운 여자는 있는데 귀여운행동을 해도 이렇게 귀엽지까진 않다고 느낌....베트남여자가 애교떨땐 진짜 마음이 녹을정도로 완벽하게 귀엽고 하는행동이 미묘함....물론 더 이국적으로 생긴 베트남여자와 얘같이하얀 베트남여자의 차이도 많지만 공통적으로 사랑스럽다는 것은 같은 피의 공통분모에서 나오는 사랑스러움이 존재하는 것 그러나 우리나라여자에서 이런 베트남여자와 같은 완벽한 귀여움과 사랑스러움 미묘하고 섬세함에서 발랄함까지 갖춘(까만 베트남여자가 더 그럼)유형은 우리나라에서 못봤음...고로 베트남여자 유형은 한국에서 본적이 없다...그런데 베트남여자애들은 처음만날떄 사람을 많이 가리는 경향이있는데 1주일보면 금방 친밀함을 느껴서 섬세함속에서 발랄한 모습을 갑자기 보여줘 사람을 놀래킨다...섬세한가운데 사람을 처음엔 가리다가 나중에 발랄함이 갑자기 나옴... 천박한 모습이 없고 우아함을 항상 유지함...어쨌든 설명하기 어렵지만 느낌상 베트남여자같은 한국여자 유형은 한번도 본적이 없음...
두번째예 인도네시아여자: 특히 맨왼쪽의 여자는 우리나라 여자중에 드물게 볼수 있는 이국적으로 생긴여자 유형에서 볼수 있는 여자임...물론 우리나라에서 볼수 있는 유형이라고 해서 우리나라 보통 외모와 비슷하다는 건 아니고, 단지 베트남여자 보통 생긴 유형은( 위에 비디오의 베트남 여자애같이 하얀애들말고) 우리나라에서 볼수 없지만 맨 이 비디오의 맨왼쪽 인도네시아 유형은 어렸을때 동네에서 놀때 항상 여자그룹에서 간간히 볼수 있는 외모 유형임, 하지만 우리나라에서 볼수 없는 베트남 여자 외모 유형이 우리나라에서 간간히 볼수 있는 인도네시아 여자 유형보다는 우리나라 평균외모에 비교적 가까움....즉 객관적으로는 우리나라에서 볼수 있는 저런 인도네시아형 외모를 가지고 있는 한국여자애는 베트남여자애보다 한국평균에 더 다르게 생겼다고 할수 있음 다만 우리나라에서 볼수 있기때문에 이질적으로 느껴지는게 상대적으로 덜할수 있지만....
신기한게 어렸을때 동네에서 놀때 저런 여자애는 지금와서 인도네시아애들보니 인도네시아여자들과 외모도 비슷하지만, 하는 행동 성격도 비슷한 걸 깨달았음...어렸을때 동네에서 놀때 여자들이 놀때 저런 누나가 있으면 모든 아이들과 다 친하고, 사람을 처음봐도 전혀 사람을 가리지 않고 다가서는데 스스럼없지만 막 호들갑떨면서 나서는 성격이 전혀 아니고, 조용함을 유지하면서 낯선사람과도 바로 스스럼없이 자연스럽게 다가감... 발랄하게 행동을하려고 하는데 그 발랄한 행동이 섬세하고 항상 기품이 느껴지고 우아하게 느껴짐...그리고 포용력이 커서, 그룹에서 왕따당하거나 좀 따돌림 당하는애들한테도 잘해줌....일부러 막잘해주려고 티내는거가 아니고 그냥 자연스럽게 다른 애들이랑 똑같이 대해줌.....인도네시아여자애들은 보면 전부다가 우리나라에서 드물게 볼수 있는 이런 유형이라는게 느껴짐....
즉 간단하게 요약하면 베트남여자는 처음만날때는 약간 사람은 가린다 하지만 몇일만 쫌 봐도 바로 친밀감을 느껴하고, 안하던 애교나 발랄한 모습을 갑자기 보여서 놀래게 만들음... 섬세하고 우아하게 행동하는 가운데 발랄한 행동을 섞음...약간 사람을 가리는 경향이 있음 자기랑 관계없는 사람이면 거리를 두고 자기가 필요성을 느끼지못하는 이상 굳이 친해지려고 하지 않음 인도네시아여자유형에 비해서 약간 배타적임 자기가 속해있는 나라나 그룹이외의 사람에게 별루 신경안쓰고 친해지려고 하지 않음(여기에 대해서 우리나라평균여자유형들과 비교해서는 하지만 인도네시아 여자에 더가까움)....다만 자기가 친해져야 꺼리김없이 아주 적극적으로 붙음....우리나라에서 느낌상 한번도 못본 유형...물론 설명대로 하는 여자가 한국에 없다는게 아니라 저렇게 하는 가운데 내가 느낄수 있는 베트남여자 특유의 느낌의 행동대로 하는 느낌을 한번도 한국여자중에서 못느껴봄 이건 느낌이라서 글로적기가 힘들다....
인도네시아여자는 처음만날때 사람 안가리고 아는 사람 앞에 있는것처럼 비교적 자연스럽게 행동하고, 모르는 사람이랑은 친해지려고 하는 경향이있지만, 그렇다고 너무 의도적으로 행동하는 것도 아니고 자연스럽게 만나자마자 빨리 친해짐 발랄하게 행동하려고하는데 그 발랄함행동이 섬세하고 우아하게 느껴짐...포용력이 좋아서 베트남여자보다 더 많은 사람과 쉽게 빨리 친해짐, 좀 부족해서 따돌림당하는애한테도 전혀 가리거나 차별하지 않고 일부러 그렇게 하려는게 아니라 타고난 성격이 좋아서 따돌림당하는애한테도 차별없이 다른애들과 똑같이대해줌....베트남여자와는 다르게 자기에게 속하지 않은 그룹이나 다른나라 사람하고 쉽게 친해지는데 이게 자기가 친해져야되겠다 필요성을 느껴서 의도한 행동이 전혀 아니라 타고난 성격이 배타성없이 포용력이 강하고, 그냥 자연스럽게 다른나라사람이나 그룹이라도 그런 거 의식안하고, 노력안해도 타고난 천성때문에 잘 조화롭게 어우러진달까.... 우리나라에서 느낌상 동네에서 아주 간간히 여자그룹중에 한명씩 볼수 있는 여자 유형임....
아무래도 저런 한국에서 드물게 볼수 있는 여자애들의 외모와 성격까지 이제 인도네시아여자애들을 겪고 보니 인도네시아여자와 비슷했구나 알게됐는데, 우리나라에 인도네시아 민족의 피가 약간 섞여있는게 아닐까?!? 하지만 베트남여자의 외모나 성격을 가지고 있는 유형은 한번도 못봄 베트남피는 없는것이지 그렇다고 해서 인도네시아가 우리나라 평균 유형에는 베트남보다 가깝다는게 아니고 인도네시아가 우리나라 평균유형에 비교적 베트남보다는 멀지만, 우리나라의 저런 드문 유형중에서는 인도네시아와 공통점을 가지고있고 베트남유형은 전혀못봤으니..인도네시아의 민족이 우리나라에 섞여있다는 거 아닐까 하는 추측해봄...
물론 인도네시아 유형과 베트남 유형은 서로 공통점이 많고 베트남유형을 인도네시아에서 찾아볼수 있고 인도네시아유형을 베트남에서 한국에서보다 훨씬 훨씬 많이 찾아볼수 있다는 걸 오해없도록 밝혀둠.......
for more necessary information to save your soul:
please, read all articles in this site!!! necessary to be saved!!!
Saturday, June 6, 2015
The Origins of PhoPhở was born in Northern Vietnam during the mid-1880s. The dish was heavily influenced by both Chinese and French cooking. Rice noodle and spices were imported from China; the French popularized the eating of red meat. In fact, it is believed that "phở" is derived from "pot au feu" a French soup. Vietnamese cooks blended the Chinese, French and native influences to make a dish that is uniquely Vietnamese.
From North to SouthThe popularity of pho spread southwards starting in 1954 when the country was divided into North and South Vietnam. As the dish moved south, cooks infused it with additional ingredients until it evolved into the version that is commonly served today.
Regional Pho VariationsThe origins of pho as a Northern dish that spread South explains the key differences between the Northern and Southern variations. Northern style pho tends to be simpler and is made with less ingredients. There are fewer cuts of meat and small slices of ginger are laid on top of the soup. The pho is served without bean sprouts or herbs. Instead, it is accompanied by green chilies and lime only. Southern style pho is a complex dish made from a dozen ingredients. Bean sprouts, fresh basil and saw herb are typically served with each bowl. As with the Northern style pho, green chilies and lime are used as condiments.
Pho in the United StatesRefugees fleeing Vietnam in the Spring of 1975 brought with them their hopes and dreams of a better life. They also brought their cultures and cuisine, of which pho has become the most popular among Americans. Today there are almost 2,000 pho restaurants spread across the United States and Canada. One typically finds Southern style pho served although a few outlets also serve Northern style pho. Typical establishments sell pho and other Vietnamese dishes like goi cuon (spring rolls) and cha gio (eggrolls).
Wednesday, June 3, 2015
published on 28 April 2011
Name OriginIn ancient times there were various explanations for the name Aegean. It was said to have been named after the Greek town of Aegae, or after Aegea, a queen of the Amazons who died in the sea, or Aigaion, the "sea goat", another name of Briareus, one of the archaic Hecatonchires, or, especially among the Athenians, Aegeus, the father of Theseus, who drowned himself in the sea when he thought his son had died on his famous expedition to Crete to defeat the Minotaur. A possible etymology is a derivation from the Greek word αἶγες – aiges = "waves" (Hesychius of Alexandria; metaphorical use of αἴξ (aix) "goat"), hence "wavy sea", cf. also αἰγιαλός (aigialos) "coast".
Aegean TradeThe early inhabitants of Greece, the Mycenaens, relied heavily on the Aegean for trade and, it seems, traveled as far as Spain and Egypt. Commercial sea trading became their main source of income and, in time, they colonized the various islands of the Aegean archipelago and produced various commodities such as figs, grapes, wine, raisins, honey, wheat, assorted vegetables, and herbs. Marble, especially, became an important export in trade. This produce, along with that of the mainland, went to make the merchants of ancient Greece wealthy but the same waters on which they relied for their wealth and livelihood became the avenue for their downfall.
Mycenaean civilization collapsed and, while no one cause is universally agreed upon, it is considered very likely that they succumbed to the same mysterious invaders who ravaged Egypt and Anatolia: The Sea Peoples. Whoever the Sea Peoples were, they are documented as harrassing the Egyptians, the Hittites, the Greeks, and the Phoenicians (Canaanites) until finally settling along the coast of Canaan and acquiring the name Philistines. There is no doubt among scholars, based upon primary sources, that the Sea Peoples came to Greece from the south on the Aegean Sea and ravaged the coastline, making incursions on to the mainland and seizing islands. Shortly after their arrival, the Dorians descended from the north of Greece and the Mycenaean civilization was over (though some scholars have speculated that Mycenaen culture was kept alive through those Greeks who would eventually found Athens while Sparta proudly claimed Doric ancestry). Greek civilization as recognized today grew out of the aftermath of the Dorian invasion. It is interesting to note, if one believes that the Mycenaean culture survived through Athens, that the Greek colonies of Asia Minor were largely settled by Athenians. The poet Homer is said to have come from one of these Greek colonies and the famous heroes of his Iliad, arguably the most popular and influential work of its time, are all Mycenaeans.
In MythologyThe Aegean Sea features prominently in many of the most famous Greek myths (Icarus and Daedelus, Theseus and the Minotaur, Jason and the Argonauts, The Odyssey, among others) and Plato made ample use of the islands in his dialogues. In his Euthyphro, for example, Plato purposefully has the young man who claims to know everything come from the island of Naxos which was known be the most prosperous and the residents quite wealthy and condescending. According to Herodotus, the island of Naxos was the most prosperous in trade c. 500 BCE and was easily able to pay tribute to Athens in the form of gold rather than military aid after the islands' failed attempt to leave the Delian League in 476 BCE. In the Golden Age of Greece and beyond, the Aegean Sea continued to serve an important function in trade and in war, helping the Greek culture and civilization to flourish until the Romans, like the Sea Peoples before them, employed the waterways for conquest and subdued Greece.
About the Author
The only player to ever beat Spaniard at Roland Garros wouldn't be surprised or upset if another player defeats nine-times champion
There is an epic feel to this year’s French Open build-up, with Rafael Nadal cast as the fading champion facing the cold-eyed challenge of world No 1 Novak Djokovic.
It is interesting, then, to speak to Robin Soderling – the man responsible for Nadal’s only previous defeat at the French Open. Not only does Soderling support the general perception that Nadal’s reign is on the rocks, but he is also a little excited at the prospect. He has had enough of being the answer to that particular quiz question.
And what about that crazy statistic: 10 years of struggle against the world’s elite and only a single loss? “It says more about Rafa than it does about me,” Soderling replies. “It will never happen again, not in 100 years.
“It’s good to be the only one, but everybody is asking me only about this match. I am really proud of many other things in my career: being in the top five, reaching the final of a grand slam twice. I’m actually even more proud of making it to the French Open final in 2010 than the previous year, because defending those points was a big challenge.
• Why Murray can upset Djokovic and win the French Open
“So maybe it’s better that Rafa loses again, then everybody will stop asking me about it. It’s become a sort of legend, and people often get it wrong: some think that I am the only person ever to beat him in any tennis match, others think it was in the final of the French Open, some even think it was at Wimbledon.”
In fact, Soderling scored his thunderbolt of a 6-2, 6-7, 6-4, 7-6 win in the fourth round of the 2009 tournament. It was a difficult season for Nadal: not only had his parents recently separated, but his knees were jangling with what turned out to be chronic tendinitis.
Still, as Soderling puts it: “When you get to the later stages of a slam everybody is a bit injured. I remember that my knee was hurting and that I was feeling a bit tired. Maybe he was having trouble with his knees. But you always feel these things more when you are losing.”
This might sound like lèse-majesté on Soderling’s part, but then he speaks with the sort of offhand directness for which Swedes are noted. Plus, after his own agonising experiences over the past few years, he is hardly going to fret about a few heckles from rabid Nadal obsessives.
In the summer of 2011, Soderling had climbed as high as No 5 in the world, yet his burgeoning career would be snatched away from him in a matter of months. It began during Wimbledon, with fatigue and inexplicable temperature swings. He kept playing, only to be diagnosed with glandular fever in the autumn. This was no ordinary infection, for every time he tried to resume training, the lassitude would return with a vengeance.
Now, almost four years on, he has been forced to acknowledge that his sporting career is probably over, and to strike out along new paths – both as tournament director of the Stockholm Open and as the creator of a new high-end tennis ball named the RS (strings and over-grips are to follow).
“It’s still a dream of mine to play professional tennis again,” said Soderling. “Before this happened I was planning to play until I was well past 30 [his current age]. But now I try not to think about it too much.
“In the first six months, I was feeling so ill that I was just trying to live through the days. After about a year I started to think that I might have to retire. Yes, I had tough days. But things changed. I had a kid and I have a second kid on the way now. There are many other things in life.
“Over the last six months I’ve started feeling much better, maybe 90 per cent. I can train a little bit now but I would rather do too little than too much. I’ve made the same mistake so many times, starting to feel better and then stepping up the training too soon and having a relapse. I’ve learnt that tennis isn’t everything.”
Monday, June 1, 2015
blacks are not africans originally. africans are term to refer to greek race living in geographical africa originally and below north africa today was not africa.