Friday, November 25, 2016

turks stole greek foods

Ultra wrote:
Turkish names Greeks names
Kokorec Kokeretsi
Musakka Mousakka
Baklava Baklava-Same name:)
Borek Galaktoboureko
Cacik Tzatziki
Kurabiye Kourabiedes
Lokma Loukoumades
Turkish Delight Loukumi
Turkish Meze Meze-Same :)
Kofte Keftethes
Turkish Doner Gyros
I am happy for sharing our foods and meals because Turkish people open only kebab shop when they went to abroad but Greeks opened different shops so you can find easy :)
All concoted in byzantine greek kitchens along with names........and since thay occupied greek lands they calledd them turkish----the byzantine bath to the turkish bath-----ancyra to ankara-----eis tein poli to istanbul-------smyrna to zmir---kyrenia to girne-----etc.....even turkish wrestling use oil ontheir bodies like the ancient greeks did not like mongolian wrestling where the turks come from that does not use oil.........the mosques all once greek churches or copies of greek churches with central dome and half domes on either side representing the cross.......VISIT mongolia turks origin for turkish delight if you lucky to find it.............ever wonder out of all the turk ottoman empire that stretched from mongolia to europe to africa to arabia they made a country called turkey in greek and armenian lands in 1923..........
http://m.topix.com/forum/world/greece/TPVHK7TE3GO2S7RBI

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

자동차가 튼튼하면 안되고 잘부숴져야 안전하다.

자동차경주의 철인 3종경기
World Rally Championship
월드랠리챔피언십(WRC)은 ‘자동차 경주의 철인3종경기’로 통한다.
빙판길, 눈길, 자갈길, 진흙 밭, 물웅덩이, 좁은 산길과 가파른 계곡 등 최악의 주행 환경에서 목숨을 걸고
스피드를 겨룬다. 1973년 창설된 지옥의 레이스는 유럽, 남미, 오세아니아 등 해마다 전 세계 13~14개
코스를 달린다. 영하 25도로 떨어지는 혹한의 눈보라, 코앞도 구분하기 어려울 정도로 퍼붓는 폭우, 아스팔트
도로가 녹아내릴 듯한 무더위 속에서도 레이싱은 멈추지 않는다.
WRC 레이싱카
일반 양산 차량을 기반으로 제작된 경주차다. 충격에도
강하다. 1600cc 엔진의 파워는 300마력, 정지 상태에서
시속 100km까지 도달하는 시간은 4초 미만.
F1 머신
배기량 1600cc의 엔진은 700마력, 최고 속도는 시속
300km를 넘는다. 바퀴가 밖으로 노출돼 있어 살짝
부딪쳐도 차량이 파손된다. 오직 서킷에서만 달린다.
흙먼지에 시야가 가려도, 칠흑 같은 어둠 속에서도 보조 드라이버의 페이스노트와 서치라이트에만 의지한 채 질주는 계속된다.
자동차 경주에 최적화된 매끈한 서킷 위를 달리는 포뮬러원(F1)과 달리 온갖 험로를 달리며 승부를 겨루는 ‘실전 격투기’다.
WRC에 참여하는 자동차회사는 손에 꼽을 정도다. 글로벌 자동차 메이저도 참가를 주저한다. 차량 성능과 기술력이 고스란히
드러나기 때문이다. 출전 회사의 자존심 경쟁 역시 레이싱 선수 못지않게 뜨겁다. 1973년 출범 후 최근 20여 년간 푸조·포드·
폴크스바겐·시트로앵 ·스바루·미쓰비시·도요타 등 유럽 및 일본 자동차 메이커가 주류였던 WRC의 지형에 균열이 생겼다.
현대차 모터스포츠팀은 이미 단일 레이스에서는 우승을 차지했으며 이제는 시즌 종합 챔피언까지 넘보는 '다크호스'로 급부상했다.

WORLD RALLY INFORMATION
당신의 눈과 귀를 사로잡을 WRC 2016
TIP
과속 땐 딱지 끊는
자동차 경주?
대회 방식
랠리는 보통 사흘간 열린다. 16~24개의 스테이지로 나눠 경기를 치른다. 1개의 스테이지는 보통 20~30km 정도다. 스테이지에서 다른 스테이지로 이동할 땐 일반 도로교통법을 준수해야 한다. 과속하거나 신호를 어기면 당연히 ‘딱지’를 끊는다. 모든 스테이지를 주파한 시간을 합쳐 승부를 겨룬다. 우승자는 25포인트를 받고, 2위부터 10위는 각각 18-15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1점을 획득한다. 랠리 중 차량이 고장났을 땐 드라이버나 보조 드라이버가 고친다. 반드시 차량 안에 있는 장비만 써야 한다. 관람객의 도움을 받을 수 있으나 구덩이에 빠졌을 때 밀어주거나, 전복됐을 때 뒤집어주는 정도만 허용된다. 팀 미캐닉(정비사)의 도움은 지정된 시간과 장소에서만 가능하다.
쉴 새 없이 조잘대는
인간 네비게이터
보조 드라이버
시야가 막힌 블라인드 코너(Blind Coner)에서도 랠리카는 좀처럼 속도를 늦추지 않는다. “전방 60m 왼쪽 급커브, 200m 후 우측 내리막 커브, 코너 지나면 좌우 연속 커브….” 페이스노트(Pacenote)를 읽으며 레이스 내내 조잘조잘 향후 진로와 도로 상황을 알려주는 보조 드라이버(Co-driver)가 있어서다. WRC에서는 귀가 눈만큼이나 중요하다. 페이스노트 정보를 들으면 사진을 보는 듯 머릿속으로는 다음 코너를 그리며 레이싱을 펼친다. 보조 드라이버가 페이스노트를 잘못 읽으면 큰 사고가 날 수 있다. 드라이버와 보조 드라이버는 말이 잘 통하는 같은 나라 출신인 경우가 많다. 랠리카에는 드라이버와 보조 드라이버의 이름이 나란히 적혀있다.

Challenge
현대로 뭉친 26개국 200명 다국적군
"2000년대 초반 WRC 출전 땐 대회 후 데이터도 받지 못했다. 이번엔 다르다. 유럽 현지팀을 빌려 출전했던 과거와 달리 현대가 직접 팀을 만들었다." (현대차 모터스포츠팀 장지하 과장) 현대차의 WRC 도전은 처음이 아니다. 2000년부터 WRC에 출전했지만 중하위권을 맴돌다 2003년 시즌 중반 WRC에서 철수했다. 10년 가까이 절치부심한 현대는 2012년 다시 도전장을 던졌다. 팀을 제대로 꾸리지 않았던 과거와 달리 모터스포츠를 전담하는 현대모터스포츠법인(HMSG)을 2012년 12월
독일 프랑크푸르트시 인근 알체나우에 설립했다. 현대차 유럽법인, 유럽기술연구소, 유럽디자인센터, 독일 뉘르부르크링 테스트센터가 인접한 곳이다. 51회나 우승을 경험한 프랑스의 전설적 감독 미셸 난단(55)을 영입했다. 모터스포츠 특히 WRC에서 축구 감독인 히딩크만큼 명망이 높다. HMSG는 드라이버, 엔지니어, 미캐닉도 세계 톱클래스로 구성됐다. 26개국 출신 200여 명이 일하고 있다.
TIP
Drift
노면이 미끄러운 자갈길이나 빙판에서 드리프트를 활용하면
차량의 관성을 살려 빠른 속도로 코너를 빠져나올 수 있다.
드리프트 때 일어나는 흙먼지, 눈보라, 타이어 연기는
관객을 흥분시킨다.
Jumping
현대 i20는 지난해 2월 스웨덴에서 무려 44m를 점프했다.
장거리 점프를 시상하는 ‘콜린스 크레스트 어워드’ 기록이다.
점프는 일반 서킷 레이싱에서는 볼 수 없는
WRC만의 매력 포인트다.

Championship
현대의 엔진… WRC 정상을 밟다
2012년 12월 설립된 HMSG는 2013년 5월21일 첫 테스트 주행을 했다. 복귀 첫해인 2014년의 목표는 간단했다. 완주였다. 경험을 쌓으며 한발 한발 전진하겠다는 포부였다. 8월 독일에서 열린 대회에서 깜짝 우승을 차지했다. 첫 테스트 주행 후 불과 460일 만에 이뤄낸 성과였다. 2015년은 내실을 다지는 해였다. 우승은 차지하지 못했지만 시즌 중반 새로운 엔진을 장착한 신형 i20 개발을 마쳤다. 엔진, 브레이크, 기어, 서스펜션 등 모두 현대의 기술로 만든 랠리카다. 장지하 현대차 모터스포츠팀 과장은 “신형 i20로 지난 시즌 중반부터 대회에 출전할 수도 있었다. 하지만 내부 논의 끝에 더 완벽하게 준비하자는 의견이 모아졌다.
무려 8000km나 테스트하면서 2016년 시즌을 준비했다. 난단 감독도 ‘이제 자동차 때문에 우승하지 못했다는 말은 하지 못한다’라고 말할 정도로 랠리카의 성능에 만족했다”고 말했다. i20는 4라운드 아르헨티나 랠리, 6라운드 이탈리아 랠리에서 우승했다. HMSG는 1위 폴크스바겐을 맹렬히 추격하며 시즌 팀 우승 경쟁을 펼치고 있다. 1967년 설립한 현대차는 80년대까지 미쓰비시 엔진을 사용했다. 84년부터 엔진 개발에 돌입해 91년 알파엔진을 선보였다. 현대의 엔진은 세계 최고의 오프로드 자동차 경주인 WRC에서도 경쟁력을 뽐내고 있다. 지금은 현대가 독자 개발한 엔진을 모든 현대차에 탑재한다. 오히려 다른 브랜드에 엔진을 공급하고 있다.
TIP
차가 부서지는 것도
기술이다
사고가 나면
WRC는 차량 안전성 확보의 기술을 업그레이드시키는 것에도 큰 도움을 준다. 차가 튼튼하다고 좋은 게 아니다. 사고가 났을 때 차가 부서지지 않으면 그 충격이 모두 운전자에게 전달된다. 운전자의 피해는 최소화하면서 차량이 파손돼야 사고가 나도 안전할 수 있다. 그래서 차량의 위치에 따라 특성이 다른 스틸을 사용한다. HMSG는 안전하고 매력적인 랠리카를 만들기 위해 현대모비스, 현대스틸, 현대위아와 파트너십을 맺고 있다.
현대가 만든 경주용차
R5 전세계 누빈다
유로랠리챔피언십에서 호평
WRC는 오프로드 레이스의 메이저리그다. 그 아래에는 몇 단계의 마이너리그가 있다. HMSG는 지난 6월 바로 아래 단계인 R5 규격에 맞춘 경주용 자동차를 제작했다. 이 경주용차는 올해 상반기 유로랠리챔피언십(ERC)에서 호평을 받았다. HMSG는 올해 약 50여 대 정도 생산할 계획인데, 벌써 초과 주문이 들어왔다. 1대당 가격은 3억원. 현대 로고를 새긴 랠리카가 내년에는 지구촌 곳곳의 오프로드 레이스를 누빈다.

N Project
뉘르부르크링에서 테스트… 남양에서 완성
현대를 상징하는 알파벳을 고르라고 한다면 무엇일까. 현대의 이니셜은 H지만, 지금은 고성능차 N에 거는 기대가 크다. N은 남양에서 태어나 뉘르부르크링에서 담금질(Born in Namyang, honed at Nurburgring)해 만든다는 의미다. 뉘르부르크링은 HMSG 인근에 있는 세계적인 서킷이다. 무려 1만 명이 연구실의 불을 밝히는 경기도 화성의 남양연구소는 현대차 R&D의 총본산이다. HMSG는 WRC 출전을 통해 얻은 데이터를 분석하고, 뉘르부르크링에서 앞으로 출시될 양산 차량을 테스트한다. 여기서 얻은 결과는 남양연구소로 전달된다. WRC 외에도 현대는 뉘르부르크링 24시간 내구레이스에도 출전한다. 남양에는 전문 부서가 WRC를 지원을 상시 준비하고 있고, WRC 현장에는 남양연구소에서 파견된 엔지니어가 생생한 경험을 쌓는다. WRC와 뉘르부르크링 24시 내구레이스 등 각종 대회에서 얻은 노하우는 N카를 포함한 양산차 성능 향상으로 이어진다.
현대의 고성능 N카의 첫 번째 모델은 배기량 2000cc, 4기통 터보 엔진을 장착해 최소 250마력 이상의 힘을 낸다. 내년에 출시할 예정이며 외관은 2016년 9월 선보인 3세대 i30를 베이스로 한다. N카는 BMW M, 메르세데스 벤츠 ‘AMG’, 아우디 ‘R·RS’ 같은 고성능차 브랜드다. BMW M시리즈 총괄 책임자였던 알버트 비어만이 엔지니어링 담당 부사장으로 영입돼 프로젝트를 지휘하고 있다.
30년간 고성능차 개발을 한 그가 밝히는 목표는 세계에서 가장 빠른 차가 아니다. 세계에서 가장 운전하는 재미(Fun to drive)를 느낄 수 있는 차다. 그는 “고성능차는 제품의 가치와 내구성, 디자인, 주행 성능이 어우러져야 한다. 가장 중요한 것은 운전하는 재미다. 이는 운전자에게 엔진의 출력만큼이나 중요하다. 코너를 돌 때의 느낌, 가속과 제동 때 즉각적으로 반응해 운전의 재미가 느껴져야 한다. N프로젝트는 현대차에 감성을 불어넣을 것이다”라고 말했다.
 
 

메르세데스 벤츠가 f1우승을 독식한다

F1의 역설… 기계가 발달하니 관객이 떠난다


메르세데스팀이 90% 우승… 명승부 없는 뻔한 경기로

입장객·스폰서 계속 줄어 아시아에선 아예 퇴출 위기

꿈의 레이싱 무대로 불리는 F1(FormulaOne·포뮬러 원)의 시대가 저물어 가는 걸까. F1은 한때 올림픽·월드컵과 함께 세계 3대 스포츠 이벤트임을 자부했던 스포츠다. 그러나 근간인 유럽 시장에서 인기가 식은 데 이어 아시아에서는 아예 퇴출당할 위기에 몰렸다.

말레이시아 일간 더스타는 22일 "1999년부터 F1 그랑프리를 유치해온 정부가 2018년을 끝으로 대회 유치를 중단하기로 했다"고 보도했다. 대회 유치 비용이 800억원가량 들지만 수익은 그에 미치지 못하기 때문이다. 올해 대회 입장객은 전년 대비 10%가량 감소했고, TV 시청률과 외국인 관광객 수도 모두 감소 추세라고 이 매체는 전했다. F1을 퇴출하는 대신 자국에서 인기가 높은 모터 사이클 레이스를 키우는 쪽으로 선회할 것이라는 관측도 나온다.

싱가포르 역시 비슷한 이유로 내년을 마지막으로 F1 그랑프리를 중단하는 방안을 검토 중이다. 적자를 이유로 도요타·혼다 등 메이저 자동차 회사가 F1 시장에서 줄줄이 손을 뗐던 일본에서도 위기가 감지된다. 올해 일본 그랑프리 입장객은 사상 최저치인 14만5000명을 기록했다. 역대 최고치인 2006년(36만1000명)의 절반에도 미치지 못한다. 이에 앞서 누적 적자만 1900억원에 달했던 한국은 2013년을 끝으로 대회 유치를 중단했다.

원본보기
말레이시아가 22일 F1 그랑프리 유치 중단을 발표했다. F1은 특정팀 독식 구조가 고착화되면서 전 세계적인 인기가 저물고 있다. 사진은 지난 14일 브라질 그랑프리에서 메르세데스 소속의 해밀턴(오른쪽)과 로즈버그가 레이스하는 모습. 해밀턴이 1위, 로즈버그가 2위를 했다. /AFP 연합뉴스

한때 '가장 현대적인 스포츠'로 불렸던 F1의 위기는 아시아에 국한되지 않는 전 세계적 현상이다. 모든 지표에서 사양화 추세를 보이고 있다. 전 세계 시청자 수는 6억명(2008년)에서 4억명(2015년)으로 급감했다. 덩달아 스폰서도 감소했다. 작년에 F1 참가 10개 팀이 받은 후원 규모는 7억5000만달러(약 8800억원)였다. 2012년 9억5000만달러(1조1200억원)에서 2억달러나 줄었다. 미하엘 슈마허 등 수많은 스타를 배출한 '자동차 왕국' 독일마저 지난해 그랑프리를 열지 못해 레이싱 팬들을 충격에 빠뜨린 일도 있다. 당시 경기장 소유주가 개최권료 지불을 거부하면서 무산됐고, 올해 경기장을 옮겨 가까스로 2년 만에 그랑프리가 부활했다.

F1이 몰락의 길을 걷는 이유는 스포츠의 가장 기본인 승부의 묘미가 사라졌기 때문이라는 분석이 나오고 있다. 천재 드라이버 제임스 헌트(영국)와 니키 라우다(오스트리아)의 전설적인 라이벌전을 실화로 다룬 영화 '러시'처럼 인간미와 손에 땀을 쥐게 하는 극적인 명승부를 찾아보기 어렵게 됐다는 것이다. 경주용 자동차, 이른바 '머신'의 성능이 점점 좋아지고, 승부를 절대적으로 좌우하는 시대가 되면서 특정 팀의 우승 독식 현상은 갈수록 심해지고 있다. 최종전 1개 대회만을 남겨놓은 올해의 경우 메르세데스 소속의 루이스 해밀턴(영국)과 니코 로즈버그(독일)가 각각 9차례 1위에 오르는 등 메르세데스가 20개 대회 중 18번의 우승을 차지했다.

대한자동차경주협회 김재호 운영팀장은 "과거에도 특정 팀이 독주한 경우는 있었지만 그때는 기계가 아닌 개인 기량의 영향이 컸다"며 "요즘 상황은 '차구인일(車九人一·차가 90% 인간이 10%)'이라고 해도 과언이 아니다"고 했다. 인간이 아닌 기계가 주인공이 되면서 드라이버에 대한 관심 자체도 떨어졌다. 지난 2년 연속 시즌 챔피언을 차지한 '최초의 흑인 F1 챔피언' 해밀턴은 아무리 우승을 해도 예전 슈마허 등 F1 수퍼스타들이 보여줬던 스타성과 파급력에 미치질 못한다. 외신들은 "지금까지의 성공에 안주해 관중의 외면을 보지 못하고 흐름을 놓친 결과가 지금 나타나고 있다"며 "기계와 인간이 맡는 역할의 밸런스가 맞아야 F1이 다시 살아날 수 있을 것"이라는 반응이다. 영국 가디언은 "당장 메스를 대지 않으면 F1의 위기를 막을 수 없다"고 경고했다

http://m.news.naver.com/read.nhn?mode=LSD&sid1=103&sid2=239&oid=023&aid=0003230926



Monday, November 21, 2016

pythagoras is the inventor of mathmatic

GREEK MATHEMATICS - PYTHAGORAS

It is sometimes claimed that we owe pure mathematics to Pythagoras, and he is often called the first "true" mathematician. But, although his contribution was clearly important, he nevertheless remains a controversial figure. He left no mathematical writings himself, and much of what we know about Pythagorean thought comes to us from the writings of Philolaus and other later Pythagorean scholars. Indeed, it is by no means clear whether many (or indeed any) of the theorems ascribed to him were in fact solved by Pythagoras personally or by his followers.
The school he established at Croton in southern Italy around 530 BCE was the nucleus of a rather bizarre Pythagorean sect. Although Pythagorean thought was largely dominated by mathematics, it was also profoundly mystical, and Pythagoras imposed his quasi-religious philosophies, strict vegetarianism, communal living, secret rites and odd rules on all the members of his school (including bizarre and apparently random edicts about never urinating towards the sun, never marrying a woman who wears gold jewellery, never passing an ass lying in the street, never eating or even touching black fava beans, etc) .
The members were divided into the "mathematikoi" (or "learners"), who extended and developed the more mathematical and scientific work that Pythagoras himself began, and the "akousmatikoi" (or "listeners"), who focused on the more religious and ritualistic aspects of his teachings. There was always a certain amount of friction between the two groups and eventually the sect became caught up in some fierce local fighting and ultimately dispersed. Resentment built up against the secrecy and exclusiveness of the Pythagoreans and, in 460 BCE, all their meeting places were burned and destroyed, with at least 50 members killed in Croton alone.
The over-riding dictum of Pythagoras's school was 밃ll is number� or 밎od is number�, and the Pythagoreans effectively practised a kind of numerology or number-worship, and considered each number to have its own character and meaning. For example, the number one was the generator of all numbers; two represented opinion; three, harmony; four, justice; five, marriage; six, creation; seven, the seven planets or 뱖andering stars�; etc. Odd numbers were thought of as female and even numbers as male.

The Pythagorean Tetractys

The Pythagorean Tetractys

The holiest number of all was "tetractys" or ten, a triangular number composed of the sum of one, two, three and four. It is a great tribute to the Pythagoreans' intellectual achievements that they deduced the special place of the number 10 from an abstract mathematical argument rather than from something as mundane as counting the fingers on two hands.
However, Pythagoras and his school - as well as a handful of other mathematicians of ancient Greece - was largely responsible for introducing a more rigorous mathematics than what had gone before, building from first principles using axioms and logic. Before Pythagoras, for example, geometry had been merely a collection of rules derived by empirical measurement. Pythagoras discovered that a complete system of mathematics could be constructed, where geometric elements corresponded with numbers, and where integers and their ratios were all that was necessary to establish an entire system of logic and truth.
He is mainly remembered for what has become known as Pythagoras� Theorem (or the Pythagorean Theorem): that, for any right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the longest side, opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the square of the other two sides (or 뱇egs�). Written as an equation: a2 + b2 = c2. What Pythagoras and his followers did not realize is that this also works for any shape: thus, the area of a pentagon on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the pentagons on the other two sides, as it does for a semi-circle or any other regular (or even irregular( shape.

Pythagoras' (Pythagorean) Theorem

Pythagoras' (Pythagorean) Theorem

The simplest and most commonly quoted example of a Pythagorean triangle is one with sides of 3, 4 and 5 units (32 + 42 = 52, as can be seen by drawing a grid of unit squares on each side as in the diagram at right), but there are a potentially infinite number of other integer 밣ythagorean triples�, starting with (5, 12 13), (6, 8, 10), (7, 24, 25), (8, 15, 17), (9, 40, 41), etc. It should be noted, however that (6, 8, 10) is not what is known as a 뱎rimitive� Pythagorean triple, because it is just a multiple of (3, 4, 5).
Pythagoras� Theorem and the properties of right-angled triangles seems to be the most ancient and widespread mathematical development after basic arithmetic and geometry, and it was touched on in some of the most ancient mathematical texts from Babylon and Egypt, dating from over a thousand years earlier. One of the simplest proofs comes from ancient China, and probably dates from well before Pythagoras' birth. It was Pythagoras, though, who gave the theorem its definitive form, although it is not clear whether Pythagoras himself definitively proved it or merely described it. Either way, it has become one of the best-known of all mathematical theorems, and as many as 400 different proofs now exist, some geometrical, some algebraic, some involving advanced differential equations, etc.
It soom became apparent, though, that non-integer solutions were also possible, so that an isosceles triangle with sides 1, 1 and √2, for example, also has a right angle, as the Babylonians had discovered centuries earlier. However, when Pythagoras뭩 student Hippasus tried to calculate the value of √2, he found that it was not possible to express it as a fraction, thereby indicating the potential existence of a whole new world of numbers, the irrational numbers (numbers that can not be expressed as simple fractions of integers). This discovery rather shattered the elegant mathematical world built up by Pythagoras and his followers, and the existence of a number that could not be expressed as the ratio of two of God's creations (which is how they thought of the integers) jeopardized the cult's entire belief system.
Poor Hippasus was apparently drowned by the secretive Pythagoreans for broadcasting this important discovery to the outside world. But the replacement of the idea of the divinity of the integers by the richer concept of the continuum, was an essential development in mathematics. It marked the real birth of Greek geometry, which deals with lines and planes and angles, all of which are continuous and not discrete.
Among his other achievements in geometry, Pythagoras (or at least his followers, the Pythagoreans) also realized that the sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles (180�), and probably also the generalization which states that the sum of the interior angles of a polygon with n sides is equal to (2n - 4) right angles, and that the sum of its exterior angles equals 4 right angles. They were able to construct figures of a given area, and to use simple geometrical algebra, for example to solve equations such as a(a - x) = x2 by geometrical means.
The Pythagoreans also established the foundations of number theory, with their investigations of triangular, square and also perfect numbers (numbers that are the sum of their divisors). They discovered several new properties of square numbers, such as that the square of a number n is equal to the sum of the first n odd numbers (e.g. 42 = 16 = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7). They also discovered at least the first pair of amicable numbers, 220 and 284 (amicable numbers are pairs of numbers for which the sum of the divisors of one number equals the other number, e.g. the proper divisors of 220 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 11, 20, 22, 44, 55 and 110, of which the sum is 284; and the proper divisors of 284 are 1, 2, 4, 71, and 142, of which the sum is 220).

Pythagoras is credited with the discovery of the ratios between harmonious musical tones

Pythagoras is credited with the discovery of the ratios between harmonious musical tones

Pythagoras is also credited with the discovery that the intervals between harmonious musical notes always have whole number ratios. For instance, playing half a length of a guitar string gives the same note as the open string, but an octave higher; a third of a length gives a different but harmonious note; etc. Non-whole number ratios, on the other hand, tend to give dissonant sounds. In this way, Pythagoras described the first four overtones which create the common intervals which have become the primary building blocks of musical harmony: the octave (1:1), the perfect fifth (3:2), the perfect fourth (4:3) and the major third (5:4). The oldest way of tuning the 12-note chromatic scale is known as Pythagorean tuning, and it is based on a stack of perfect fifths, each tuned in the ratio 3:2.
The mystical Pythagoras was so excited by this discovery that he became convinced that the whole universe was based on numbers, and that the planets and stars moved according to mathematical equations, which corresponded to musical notes, and thus produced a kind of symphony, the 밠usical Universalis� or 밠usic of the Spheres�.

http://www.storyofmathematics.com/greek_pythagoras.html

Sunday, November 20, 2016

AINU- The ancient Greeks of the East

by Anton.Dion.

   Ainu in Greek  MEANS "IONES" (ANCIENT GREEKS)!  JAPAN in Greek is called "IAPONIA" (ΙΑΠΩΝΙΑ or ΑΠΩ-ΙΩΝΙΑ) which means "THE EAST LAND ΟF ΙΟΝΙΑ. 
   Again "IONIA" is the land of the IONES (The ancient Greeks who traveled and finally lived there...) 


   The Ainu People - Japan
   In Middle Eastern and South Asian languages, the common root is "yun" or "ywn". It is borrowed from the Greek name "Ionia", the Greek region of Asia Minor:
- Aramaic: ܝܘܢ or יון (Yawān, Yawon) 
- Armenian: Հունաստան(Hounastan)
- Azeri: Yunanıstan
- Hindi: यूनान (Yūnān)
- raz: Yonaneti-Xorumona (ხორუმონა)    
- Nepalese: यूनान (Yūnān)
- Persian: یونان (Yūnān)
- Sanskrit: यवन(Yavana)
- Tojiki: Юнон (Yunon)
- Turkish: Yunanistan
- Biblical Hebrew: יָוָן (Yāwān)
- Modern Hebrew: יוון (Yavan)
- KJV Bible: Javan
- Indonesian: Yunani
- Kurdish: Yewnanistan
- Arabic: يونان (Yūnān)



their skin now is "yellow" their blood is el (yunan - iones) forever...

Αρχείο: Χάρτης-yonaguni.png

   First of all, a few things about prehistoric Japan.
   The first people living in Japan were the Jomon people, who were ethnically very different to the modern Yayoi Japanese people. They were the ancestors of the the Ainu  people, and they were not a ‘Mongoloid’ people. They have a roughly Caucasian face skull shape, occasionally light brown or blue/grey eyes, very thick body hair and bushy beards. Sometimes their hair is a reddish brown or brown in colour, and is like Caucasian hair in cross section under a microscope. Genetically, they appear to have been all Asian though.
   The Yayoi (Mongoloid Koreans) moved into Japan a few thousand years ago, and all the evidence is that that the Samurai classes have a lot of Ainu ancestry in them. This would suggest it was a population movement, not some military conquest on the part of the Yayoi.
   The worlds oldest pottery  is from these people, the commonest age estimate seems to be about 16,500 years old for it. They are also thought to have been practising some kind of agriculture a very long time ago, although it hasn’t been proved, but the sudden appearance of Jomon tooth decay  is what is known as ‘a dead giveaway’ that they swapped from a hunter gatherer lifestyle to an agricultural one at about the same time they began making pottery. Probably growing taro.
   Also, pottery is another good indicator of a culture that’s become sedentary/agricultural. Pots are heavy and they break easily, not something a nomad would use. A great example of this is the Venus of Dolni Vestonice, a ceramic object from the Czech republic about 26,000 years old. Mesolithic people knew how to make ceramics, they just didn’t find them convenient for containers when they were mobile.
   What all this text is building up to is; that it was perfectly possible for an ice age civilisation in Japan to have been organised enough to carry out the kind of work necessary to hack a huge shrine out of raw rock. As for it’s underwater location, about 10,000 years ago the ice age ended and the sea levels went up by about 100m. This would have submerged a lot of the land that would have ben prime farmland and urban sites, as humans have a fondness for building cities along estuaries.

   The Yonaguni Monument.
   This is found off the coast of Okinawa, which is fairly close to Taiwan. It is a very, very big structure.  Although most of it seems naturally occuring and similar to other cliffs in the area, there are indications it was worked on to enhance its appearance. Really, a lot of it could just be natural, but the chunk of carved rock under the face in this sequence, I don’t see how a natural phenomena could cause that.
   This face resembles an Ainu face, deep set eyes and a high bridged nose. It looks to me as if he may have lost the bulk of his nose to erosion or an earthquake. Quite likely, if you consider how geologically active the area is. The head is about 7m high.
Carving on a rock.
The real clincher for me was the stairs.
A model of the whole site.

   From National Geographic
   Yonaguni Jima is an island that lies near the southern tip of Japan’s Ryukyu archipelago, about 75 miles (120 kilometers) off the eastern coast of Taiwan (see map).
   A local diver first noticed the Yonaguni formations in 1986, after which a promontory on the island was unofficially renamed Iseki Hanto, or Ruins Point
The district of Yonaguni officially owns the formations, and tourists and researchers can freely dive at the site.
Some experts believe that the structures could be all that’s left of Mu, a fabled Pacific civilization rumored to have vanished beneath the waves.
  On hearing about the find, Kimura said, his initial impression was that the formations could be natural. But he changed his mind after his first dive.
“I think it’s very difficult to explain away their origin as being purely natural, because of the vast amount of evidence of man’s influence on the structures,” he said.
   For example, Kimura said, he has identified quarry marks in the stone, rudimentary characters etched onto carved faces, and rocks sculpted into the likenesses of animals.
  “The characters and animal monuments in the water, which I have been able to partially recover in my laboratory, suggest the culture comes from the Asian continent,” he said.
  “One example I have described as an underwater sphinx resembles a Chinese or ancient Okinawan king.”
   Whoever created the city, most of it apparently sank in one of the huge seismic events that this part of the Pacific Rim is famous for, Kimura said.
The world’s largest recorded tsunami struck Yonaguni Jima in April 1771 with an estimated height of more than 131 feet (40 meters), he noted, so such a fate might also have befallen the ancient civilization.
   Kimura said he has identified ten structures off Yonaguni and a further five related structures off the main island of Okinawa. In total the ruins cover an area spanning 984 feet by 492 feet (300 meters by 150 meters).
   The structures include the ruins of a castle, a triumphal arch, five temples, and at least one large stadium, all of which are connected by roads and water channels and are partly shielded by what could be huge retaining walls.
   Kimura believes the ruins date back to at least 5,000 years, based on the dates of stalactites found inside underwater caves that he says sank with the city.
   And structures similar to the ruins sitting on the nearby coast have yielded charcoal dated to 1,600 years ago—a possible indication of ancient human inhabitants, Kimura added.
   But more direct evidence of human involvement with the site has been harder to come by.
  “Pottery and wood do not last on the bottom of the ocean, but we are interested in further research on a relief at the site that is apparently painted and resembles a cow,” Kimura said.
  “We want to determine the makeup of the paint. I would also like to carry out subsurface research.”
   Natural Forces
  Toru Ouchi, an associate professor of seismology at Kobe University, supports Kimura’s hypothesis.
  Ouchi said that he has never seen tectonic activity having such an effect on a landscape either above or below the water.
  “I’ve dived there as well and touched the pyramid,” he said. “What Professor Kimura says is not exaggerated at all. It’s easy to tell that those relics were not caused by earthquakes.”
   Boston University’s Schoch, meanwhile, is just as certain that the Yonaguni formations are natural.
   He suggests that holes in the rock, which Kimura believes were used to support posts, were merely created by underwater eddies scouring at depressions.
   Lines of smaller holes were formed by marine creatures exploiting a seam in the rock, he said.
  “The first time I dived there, I knew it was not artificial,” Schoch said. “It’s not as regular as many people claim, and the right angles and symmetry don’t add up in many places.”
   He emphasizes that he is not accusing anyone of deliberately falsifying evidence.
   But many of the photos tend to give a perfect view of the site, making the lines look as regular as possible, he said.
   Schoch also says he has seen what Kimura believes to be renderings of animals and human faces at the site.
  “Professor Kimura says he has seen some kind of writing or images, but they are just scratches on a rock that are natural,” he said.
  “He interprets them as being manmade, but I don’t know where he’s coming from.”
   But Kimura is undeterred by critics, adding that the new governor of Okinawa Prefecture and officials from the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization have recently expressed interest in verifying the site.
  “The best way to get a definitive answer about their origins is to keep going back and collecting more evidence,” he continued.
  “If I’d not had a chance to see these structures for myself, I might be skeptical as well.”

YUNAGYNI-YUNAN GYNI- IONON ΓΩΝΙΑ- YUNAN CORNER
JAPAN - IAPONIA- IAΠΩΝΙΑ- Η ΑΠΩ ΙΩΝΙΑ-DISTANT YUNAN
EΛ (EL) ARE EVERYWHERE - AWAKENING FOR ALL, ALL!!!
 

kovalev won and got robbed


Roy Jones Jr:
"It was a one-sided fight in which Kovalev was more active - Jones Jr. said. - Moreover, we'll see a knockdown in the second round, that only confirms my words. I do not know what guided the judges, but no victory Ward was not there, because Kovalev did habitually dominated. The maximum that can make the referee - it's a draw, because in the last round Kovalev was not as active and could not convince in his victory. "

Thursday, November 17, 2016

japanese girls are the cutest girls in the world

7 Reasons I Love Japanese Girls and You Should Too

What’s So Good About Japanese Girls?


Recently Korean girls are all the rage, and for good reason.  No doubt they have the best bodies in Asia, hands down.  On top of that they have a great media machine creating talent …and pushing it out to all corners of the globe over the past few years.

Those who have experience dating Korean girls lament the chasm between the images put out through k-pop and the reality of dating in Korea, though.  I find it really ironic that Korea has managed to create media that connects with and excites the masses in a way that living in Korea …just doesn’t.

In fact, Korea is far more inhospitable to foreigners than Japan is. One of the biggest draws of Japan is the exceptional girls the country has.  Unlike k-pop, if you look at Japanese media and then travel to Japan you will be able to find girls that look and act almost EXACTLY like they do on TV.

While there are potentially massive downsides to marrying a Japanese girl (you may never see your kids again if you get a divorce, which you’ll probably want to get because over 60% of Japanese marriages are sexless), there are also huge benefits to dating Japanese girls, as well.  Keep reading to find out what they are…



1. FUN! FUN! FUN!


You’d be hard pressed to find girls that are more playful than Japanese girls.  Even the hottest ones will make goofy cute faces and funny poses in front of a camera.  Japanese girls love to joke around …and no topic is too taboo to poke fun at.  Sure, they may seem shy at first, but once they open up it’s giggles and funny business all day long.  This obviously means that they really know how to unwind from the stresses of daily life.  They also get into all sorts of niche hobbies and sub-cultures that keep them quirky and your interest sparked.

2. Super Cute


Japanese girls have the cute thing down to an art.  I know of no other country where girls can look so cute and cuddly and so sexually alluring all at the same time.  But don’t get suckered as many a man before you has – Japanese girls are skilled manipulators of men.

3. Super Caring


Your Japanese girl will HAPPILY cook, clean, wash and fold your clothes, do your dishes, and give you a back rub all at the same time!  They’re amazing multi-taskers.  Kidding aside, they really want to please their man, a drive that’s getting rather uncommon around the world these days.  But stay alert! These “submissive” chicks will put you to sleep with their caring so there’s a real danger that you’ll wake up 5 years later married with kids, sexless, and living with her parents! Don’t be fooled.  Many a Western man has married a Japanese girl only to find that all that caring shifted 100% towards the children and he was left to fulfill his role as a walking wallet.  So, be aware that this is a possibility and keep a watch out.  I always like to probe any Japanese girl I’m dating for what her parents relationship is like as a good indicator of whether I can expect her kind, giving behavior to continue.

4. Amazing Fashion


Hair. Nails. Makeup. Whatever your style, Japanese girls have it.  Want super sexy, in heels, tight skirts and lots of skin?  They do that.  Want the sweet, nice, take home to mom look?  They can do that too.  Want blonde hair, and blue eyes?  Yup, they even do that!  Whatever it is you want, you can find a Japanese girl to match your taste.  Girls even hang little charms from their elongated finger nails!  They love to dress well and look their best at all times. …and they love to do it for you.

5. Sex


They love it, or pretend to love it until you work out what really pushes her buttons.  Japanese girls are up for it, so long as the guy they like likes them back.  Some guys are turned off by their sexuality, or lack thereof, saying that they don’t have the porn star moves of western women. But believe me when I tell you that they are willing to learn.  And like in all other areas of life, they are happy to “Ganbaru”, “try my best”, with all the enthusiasm of a little kid opening presents from Santa.

6.  Free Time


One thing that makes Japan a really great country is that there is a lot of variety in terms of how people live their lives.  This is one of the factors that makes it such a fascinating country to watch and to live in.  It never gets boring and even local Japanese media loves to continuously find new sub-cultures to expose and market to. One of the reasons is the large amount of discretionary time that Japanese people(and Japanese girls in particular) have.  Before marriage a large percentage of Japanese girls are students, or hold part time jobs which leaves them with plenty of time to be out and about at cafes, malls, and restaurants in the daytime(interestingly, this pattern of behavior re-emerges after marriage once the kids are in school).

7. They Don’t Need Your Money


What’s more, because it’s totally normal and acceptable for singles to live at home, almost all of the money they make goes directly into their own pockets.  Free room and board(usually), means they live and eat for free or close to it.  That means that the $1,000 or so per month they make working at the local bakery can go directly towards shopping sprees, iPhone accessories, trips, and hobbies which helps to keep Japanese girls looking good, interesting and able to make time for you. So that’s 7 reasons I love Japanese girls.  If you’ve dated Japanese girls before and you have a story to share about why you love Japanese girls too, share it below! (Many commenters felt that this post is dehumanizing to Japanese women, objectifies them and promotes a fetishization of Japanese women.  To combat and mental and emotional trauma this post may produce I’ve also written, The Misogynists Guide to Loving Japanese Girls.)


http://asiadatingexperts.com/love-japanese-girls/

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

St. Augustine , The beard signifies the grown men

“The beard signifies the courageous; the beard distinguishes the grown men, the earnest, the active, the vigorous. So that when we describe such, we say, he is a bearded man.”
– St. Augustine

http://catholicbalm.co/product/barbatus-catholic-beard-balm/

Sunday, November 13, 2016

밤에는 운전을 안하는 것이 좋다

샤룬 2016.11.14 04:16
아주 가끔 밤중에 가시거리 엄청 좁은 경우 닥치죠. 
되도록이면 야간 주행 안하는게 장수와 손해예방법... 
http://www.etobang.com/plugin/mobile/board.php?bo_table=humor_new&wr_id=4961209

Wednesday, November 9, 2016

일본사람 성격 comment

IQ30남(rinna14):
일본인 전형적인 특징이다, 완벽하려고 스스로 압박하는 성격

[생]일본 카오루 마음소리 2016-11-09 23:38:50