All concoted in byzantine greek kitchens along with names........and since thay occupied greek lands they calledd them turkish----the byzantine bath to the turkish bath-----ancyra to ankara-----eis tein poli to istanbul-------smyrna to zmir---kyrenia to girne-----etc.....even turkish wrestling use oil ontheir bodies like the ancient greeks did not like mongolian wrestling where the turks come from that does not use oil.........the mosques all once greek churches or copies of greek churches with central dome and half domes on either side representing the cross.......VISIT mongolia turks origin for turkish delight if you lucky to find it.............ever wonder out of all the turk ottoman empire that stretched from mongolia to europe to africa to arabia they made a country called turkey in greek and armenian lands in 1923..........Turkish names Greeks names
Baklava Baklava-Same name:)
Turkish Delight Loukumi
Turkish Meze Meze-Same :)
Turkish Doner Gyros
I am happy for sharing our foods and meals because Turkish people open only kebab shop when they went to abroad but Greeks opened different shops so you can find easy :)
Friday, November 25, 2016
Tuesday, November 22, 2016
빙판길, 눈길, 자갈길, 진흙 밭, 물웅덩이, 좁은 산길과 가파른 계곡 등 최악의 주행 환경에서 목숨을 걸고
스피드를 겨룬다. 1973년 창설된 지옥의 레이스는 유럽, 남미, 오세아니아 등 해마다 전 세계 13~14개
코스를 달린다. 영하 25도로 떨어지는 혹한의 눈보라, 코앞도 구분하기 어려울 정도로 퍼붓는 폭우, 아스팔트
도로가 녹아내릴 듯한 무더위 속에서도 레이싱은 멈추지 않는다.
강하다. 1600cc 엔진의 파워는 300마력, 정지 상태에서
시속 100km까지 도달하는 시간은 4초 미만.
300km를 넘는다. 바퀴가 밖으로 노출돼 있어 살짝
부딪쳐도 차량이 파손된다. 오직 서킷에서만 달린다.
자동차 경주에 최적화된 매끈한 서킷 위를 달리는 포뮬러원(F1)과 달리 온갖 험로를 달리며 승부를 겨루는 ‘실전 격투기’다.
WRC에 참여하는 자동차회사는 손에 꼽을 정도다. 글로벌 자동차 메이저도 참가를 주저한다. 차량 성능과 기술력이 고스란히
드러나기 때문이다. 출전 회사의 자존심 경쟁 역시 레이싱 선수 못지않게 뜨겁다. 1973년 출범 후 최근 20여 년간 푸조·포드·
폴크스바겐·시트로앵 ·스바루·미쓰비시·도요타 등 유럽 및 일본 자동차 메이커가 주류였던 WRC의 지형에 균열이 생겼다.
현대차 모터스포츠팀은 이미 단일 레이스에서는 우승을 차지했으며 이제는 시즌 종합 챔피언까지 넘보는 '다크호스'로 급부상했다.
R5 전세계 누빈다
30년간 고성능차 개발을 한 그가 밝히는 목표는 세계에서 가장 빠른 차가 아니다. 세계에서 가장 운전하는 재미(Fun to drive)를 느낄 수 있는 차다. 그는 “고성능차는 제품의 가치와 내구성, 디자인, 주행 성능이 어우러져야 한다. 가장 중요한 것은 운전하는 재미다. 이는 운전자에게 엔진의 출력만큼이나 중요하다. 코너를 돌 때의 느낌, 가속과 제동 때 즉각적으로 반응해 운전의 재미가 느껴져야 한다. N프로젝트는 현대차에 감성을 불어넣을 것이다”라고 말했다.
F1의 역설… 기계가 발달하니 관객이 떠난다
입장객·스폰서 계속 줄어 아시아에선 아예 퇴출 위기
꿈의 레이싱 무대로 불리는 F1(·포뮬러 원)의 시대가 저물어 가는 걸까. F1은 한때 올림픽·월드컵과 함께 세계 3대 스포츠 이벤트임을 자부했던 스포츠다. 그러나 근간인 유럽 시장에서 인기가 식은 데 이어 아시아에서는 아예 퇴출당할 위기에 몰렸다.
말레이시아 일간 더스타는 22일 "1999년부터 F1 그랑프리를 유치해온 정부가 2018년을 끝으로 대회 유치를 중단하기로 했다"고 보도했다. 대회 유치 비용이 800억원가량 들지만 수익은 그에 미치지 못하기 때문이다. 올해 대회 입장객은 전년 대비 10%가량 감소했고, 시청률과 외국인 관광객 수도 모두 감소 추세라고 이 매체는 전했다. F1을 퇴출하는 대신 자국에서 인기가 높은 모터 사이클 레이스를 키우는 쪽으로 선회할 것이라는 관측도 나온다.
싱가포르 역시 비슷한 이유로 내년을 마지막으로 F1 그랑프리를 중단하는 방안을 검토 중이다. 적자를 이유로 도요타·혼다 등 메이저 자동차 회사가 F1 시장에서 줄줄이 손을 뗐던 일본에서도 위기가 감지된다. 올해 일본 그랑프리 입장객은 사상 최저치인 14만5000명을 기록했다. 역대 최고치인 2006년(36만1000명)의 절반에도 미치지 못한다. 이에 앞서 누적 적자만 1900억원에 달했던 한국은 2013년을 끝으로 대회 유치를 중단했다.
한때 '가장 현대적인 스포츠'로 불렸던 F1의 위기는 아시아에 국한되지 않는 전 세계적 현상이다. 모든 지표에서 사양화 추세를 보이고 있다. 전 세계 시청자 수는 6억명(2008년)에서 4억명(2015년)으로 급감했다. 덩달아 스폰서도 감소했다. 작년에 F1 참가 10개 팀이 받은 후원 규모는 7억5000만달러(약 8800억원)였다. 2012년 9억5000만달러(1조1200억원)에서 2억달러나 줄었다. 미하엘 슈마허 등 수많은 스타를 배출한 '자동차 왕국' 독일마저 지난해 그랑프리를 열지 못해 레이싱 팬들을 충격에 빠뜨린 일도 있다. 당시 경기장 소유주가 개최권료 지불을 거부하면서 무산됐고, 올해 경기장을 옮겨 가까스로 2년 만에 그랑프리가 부활했다.
F1이 몰락의 길을 걷는 이유는 스포츠의 가장 기본인 승부의 묘미가 사라졌기 때문이라는 분석이 나오고 있다. 천재 드라이버 제임스 헌트(영국)와 니키 라우다(오스트리아)의 전설적인 라이벌전을 실화로 다룬 영화 '러시'처럼 인간미와 손에 땀을 쥐게 하는 극적인 명승부를 찾아보기 어렵게 됐다는 것이다. 경주용 자동차, 이른바 '머신'의 성능이 점점 좋아지고, 승부를 절대적으로 좌우하는 시대가 되면서 특정 팀의 우승 독식 현상은 갈수록 심해지고 있다. 최종전 1개 대회만을 남겨놓은 올해의 경우 메르세데스 소속의 루이스 해밀턴(영국)과 니코 로즈버그(독일)가 각각 9차례 1위에 오르는 등 메르세데스가 20개 대회 중 18번의 우승을 차지했다.
대한자동차경주협회 김재호 운영팀장은 "과거에도 특정 팀이 독주한 경우는 있었지만 그때는 기계가 아닌 개인 기량의 영향이 컸다"며 "요즘 상황은 '차구인일(車九人一·차가 90% 인간이 10%)'이라고 해도 과언이 아니다"고 했다. 인간이 아닌 기계가 주인공이 되면서 드라이버에 대한 관심 자체도 떨어졌다. 지난 2년 연속 시즌 챔피언을 차지한 '최초의 흑인 F1 챔피언' 해밀턴은 아무리 우승을 해도 예전 슈마허 등 F1 수퍼스타들이 보여줬던 스타성과 파급력에 미치질 못한다. 외신들은 "지금까지의 성공에 안주해 관중의 외면을 보지 못하고 흐름을 놓친 결과가 지금 나타나고 있다"며 "기계와 인간이 맡는 역할의 밸런스가 맞아야 F1이 다시 살아날 수 있을 것"이라는 반응이다. 영국 가디언은 "당장 메스를 대지 않으면 F1의 위기를 막을 수 없다"고 경고했다
Monday, November 21, 2016
It is sometimes claimed that we owe pure mathematics to Pythagoras, and he is often called the first "true" mathematician. But, although his contribution was clearly important, he nevertheless remains a controversial figure. He left no mathematical writings himself, and much of what we know about Pythagorean thought comes to us from the writings of Philolaus and other later Pythagorean scholars. Indeed, it is by no means clear whether many (or indeed any) of the theorems ascribed to him were in fact solved by Pythagoras personally or by his followers.
The school he established at Croton in southern Italy around 530 BCE was the nucleus of a rather bizarre Pythagorean sect. Although Pythagorean thought was largely dominated by mathematics, it was also profoundly mystical, and Pythagoras imposed his quasi-religious philosophies, strict vegetarianism, communal living, secret rites and odd rules on all the members of his school (including bizarre and apparently random edicts about never urinating towards the sun, never marrying a woman who wears gold jewellery, never passing an ass lying in the street, never eating or even touching black fava beans, etc) .
The members were divided into the "mathematikoi" (or "learners"), who extended and developed the more mathematical and scientific work that Pythagoras himself began, and the "akousmatikoi" (or "listeners"), who focused on the more religious and ritualistic aspects of his teachings. There was always a certain amount of friction between the two groups and eventually the sect became caught up in some fierce local fighting and ultimately dispersed. Resentment built up against the secrecy and exclusiveness of the Pythagoreans and, in 460 BCE, all their meeting places were burned and destroyed, with at least 50 members killed in Croton alone.
The over-riding dictum of Pythagoras's school was 밃ll is number� or 밎od is number�, and the Pythagoreans effectively practised a kind of numerology or number-worship, and considered each number to have its own character and meaning. For example, the number one was the generator of all numbers; two represented opinion; three, harmony; four, justice; five, marriage; six, creation; seven, the seven planets or 뱖andering stars�; etc. Odd numbers were thought of as female and even numbers as male.
The Pythagorean Tetractys
The holiest number of all was "tetractys" or ten, a triangular number composed of the sum of one, two, three and four. It is a great tribute to the Pythagoreans' intellectual achievements that they deduced the special place of the number 10 from an abstract mathematical argument rather than from something as mundane as counting the fingers on two hands.
However, Pythagoras and his school - as well as a handful of other mathematicians of ancient Greece - was largely responsible for introducing a more rigorous mathematics than what had gone before, building from first principles using axioms and logic. Before Pythagoras, for example, geometry had been merely a collection of rules derived by empirical measurement. Pythagoras discovered that a complete system of mathematics could be constructed, where geometric elements corresponded with numbers, and where integers and their ratios were all that was necessary to establish an entire system of logic and truth.
He is mainly remembered for what has become known as Pythagoras� Theorem (or the Pythagorean Theorem): that, for any right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the longest side, opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the square of the other two sides (or 뱇egs�). Written as an equation: a2 + b2 = c2. What Pythagoras and his followers did not realize is that this also works for any shape: thus, the area of a pentagon on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the pentagons on the other two sides, as it does for a semi-circle or any other regular (or even irregular( shape.
Pythagoras' (Pythagorean) Theorem
The simplest and most commonly quoted example of a Pythagorean triangle is one with sides of 3, 4 and 5 units (32 + 42 = 52, as can be seen by drawing a grid of unit squares on each side as in the diagram at right), but there are a potentially infinite number of other integer 밣ythagorean triples�, starting with (5, 12 13), (6, 8, 10), (7, 24, 25), (8, 15, 17), (9, 40, 41), etc. It should be noted, however that (6, 8, 10) is not what is known as a 뱎rimitive� Pythagorean triple, because it is just a multiple of (3, 4, 5).
Pythagoras� Theorem and the properties of right-angled triangles seems to be the most ancient and widespread mathematical development after basic arithmetic and geometry, and it was touched on in some of the most ancient mathematical texts from Babylon and Egypt, dating from over a thousand years earlier. One of the simplest proofs comes from ancient China, and probably dates from well before Pythagoras' birth. It was Pythagoras, though, who gave the theorem its definitive form, although it is not clear whether Pythagoras himself definitively proved it or merely described it. Either way, it has become one of the best-known of all mathematical theorems, and as many as 400 different proofs now exist, some geometrical, some algebraic, some involving advanced differential equations, etc.
It soom became apparent, though, that non-integer solutions were also possible, so that an isosceles triangle with sides 1, 1 and √2, for example, also has a right angle, as the Babylonians had discovered centuries earlier. However, when Pythagoras뭩 student Hippasus tried to calculate the value of √2, he found that it was not possible to express it as a fraction, thereby indicating the potential existence of a whole new world of numbers, the irrational numbers (numbers that can not be expressed as simple fractions of integers). This discovery rather shattered the elegant mathematical world built up by Pythagoras and his followers, and the existence of a number that could not be expressed as the ratio of two of God's creations (which is how they thought of the integers) jeopardized the cult's entire belief system.
Poor Hippasus was apparently drowned by the secretive Pythagoreans for broadcasting this important discovery to the outside world. But the replacement of the idea of the divinity of the integers by the richer concept of the continuum, was an essential development in mathematics. It marked the real birth of Greek geometry, which deals with lines and planes and angles, all of which are continuous and not discrete.
Among his other achievements in geometry, Pythagoras (or at least his followers, the Pythagoreans) also realized that the sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles (180�), and probably also the generalization which states that the sum of the interior angles of a polygon with n sides is equal to (2n - 4) right angles, and that the sum of its exterior angles equals 4 right angles. They were able to construct figures of a given area, and to use simple geometrical algebra, for example to solve equations such as a(a - x) = x2 by geometrical means.
The Pythagoreans also established the foundations of number theory, with their investigations of triangular, square and also perfect numbers (numbers that are the sum of their divisors). They discovered several new properties of square numbers, such as that the square of a number n is equal to the sum of the first n odd numbers (e.g. 42 = 16 = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7). They also discovered at least the first pair of amicable numbers, 220 and 284 (amicable numbers are pairs of numbers for which the sum of the divisors of one number equals the other number, e.g. the proper divisors of 220 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 11, 20, 22, 44, 55 and 110, of which the sum is 284; and the proper divisors of 284 are 1, 2, 4, 71, and 142, of which the sum is 220).
Pythagoras is credited with the discovery of the ratios between harmonious musical tones
Pythagoras is also credited with the discovery that the intervals between harmonious musical notes always have whole number ratios. For instance, playing half a length of a guitar string gives the same note as the open string, but an octave higher; a third of a length gives a different but harmonious note; etc. Non-whole number ratios, on the other hand, tend to give dissonant sounds. In this way, Pythagoras described the first four overtones which create the common intervals which have become the primary building blocks of musical harmony: the octave (1:1), the perfect fifth (3:2), the perfect fourth (4:3) and the major third (5:4). The oldest way of tuning the 12-note chromatic scale is known as Pythagorean tuning, and it is based on a stack of perfect fifths, each tuned in the ratio 3:2.
The mystical Pythagoras was so excited by this discovery that he became convinced that the whole universe was based on numbers, and that the planets and stars moved according to mathematical equations, which corresponded to musical notes, and thus produced a kind of symphony, the 밠usical Universalis� or 밠usic of the Spheres�.
Sunday, November 20, 2016
Ainu in Greek MEANS "IONES" (ANCIENT GREEKS)! JAPAN in Greek is called "IAPONIA" (ΙΑΠΩΝΙΑ or ΑΠΩ-ΙΩΝΙΑ) which means "THE EAST LAND ΟF ΙΟΝΙΑ.
Again "IONIA" is the land of the IONES (The ancient Greeks who traveled and finally lived there...)
The Ainu People - Japan
In Middle Eastern and South Asian languages, the common root is "yun" or "ywn". It is borrowed from the Greek name "Ionia", the Greek region of Asia Minor:
- Aramaic: ܝܘܢ or יון (Yawān, Yawon)
- Armenian: Հունաստան(Hounastan)
- Azeri: Yunanıstan
- Hindi: यूनान (Yūnān)
- raz: Yonaneti-Xorumona (ხორუმონა)
- Nepalese: यूनान (Yūnān)
- Persian: یونان (Yūnān)
- Sanskrit: यवन(Yavana)
- Tojiki: Юнон (Yunon)
- Turkish: Yunanistan
- Biblical Hebrew: יָוָן (Yāwān)
- Modern Hebrew: יוון (Yavan)
- KJV Bible: Javan
- Indonesian: Yunani
- Kurdish: Yewnanistan
their skin now is "yellow" their blood is el (yunan - iones) forever...
First of all, a few things about prehistoric Japan.
The Yonaguni Monument.
From National Geographic
The district of Yonaguni officially owns the formations, and tourists and researchers can freely dive at the site.
Roy Jones Jr:
"It was a one-sided fight in which Kovalev was more active - Jones Jr. said. - Moreover, we'll see a knockdown in the second round, that only confirms my words. I do not know what guided the judges, but no victory Ward was not there, because Kovalev did habitually dominated. The maximum that can make the referee - it's a draw, because in the last round Kovalev was not as active and could not convince in his victory. "
Thursday, November 17, 2016
What’s So Good About Japanese Girls?
Recently Korean girls are all the rage, and for good reason. No doubt they have the best bodies in Asia, hands down. On top of that they have a great media machine creating talent …and pushing it out to all corners of the globe over the past few years.
Those who have experience dating Korean girls lament the chasm between the images put out through k-pop and the reality of dating in Korea, though. I find it really ironic that Korea has managed to create media that connects with and excites the masses in a way that living in Korea …just doesn’t.
In fact, Korea is far more inhospitable to foreigners than Japan is. One of the biggest draws of Japan is the exceptional girls the country has. Unlike k-pop, if you look at Japanese media and then travel to Japan you will be able to find girls that look and act almost EXACTLY like they do on TV.
While there are potentially massive downsides to marrying a Japanese girl (you may never see your kids again if you get a divorce, which you’ll probably want to get because over 60% of Japanese marriages are sexless), there are also huge benefits to dating Japanese girls, as well. Keep reading to find out what they are…
1. FUN! FUN! FUN!
You’d be hard pressed to find girls that are more playful than Japanese girls. Even the hottest ones will make goofy cute faces and funny poses in front of a camera. Japanese girls love to joke around …and no topic is too taboo to poke fun at. Sure, they may seem shy at first, but once they open up it’s giggles and funny business all day long. This obviously means that they really know how to unwind from the stresses of daily life. They also get into all sorts of niche hobbies and sub-cultures that keep them quirky and your interest sparked.
2. Super Cute
Japanese girls have the cute thing down to an art. I know of no other country where girls can look so cute and cuddly and so sexually alluring all at the same time. But don’t get suckered as many a man before you has – Japanese girls are skilled manipulators of men.
3. Super Caring
Your Japanese girl will HAPPILY cook, clean, wash and fold your clothes, do your dishes, and give you a back rub all at the same time! They’re amazing multi-taskers. Kidding aside, they really want to please their man, a drive that’s getting rather uncommon around the world these days. But stay alert! These “submissive” chicks will put you to sleep with their caring so there’s a real danger that you’ll wake up 5 years later married with kids, sexless, and living with her parents! Don’t be fooled. Many a Western man has married a Japanese girl only to find that all that caring shifted 100% towards the children and he was left to fulfill his role as a walking wallet. So, be aware that this is a possibility and keep a watch out. I always like to probe any Japanese girl I’m dating for what her parents relationship is like as a good indicator of whether I can expect her kind, giving behavior to continue.
4. Amazing Fashion
Hair. Nails. Makeup. Whatever your style, Japanese girls have it. Want super sexy, in heels, tight skirts and lots of skin? They do that. Want the sweet, nice, take home to mom look? They can do that too. Want blonde hair, and blue eyes? Yup, they even do that! Whatever it is you want, you can find a Japanese girl to match your taste. Girls even hang little charms from their elongated finger nails! They love to dress well and look their best at all times. …and they love to do it for you.
They love it, or pretend to love it until you work out what really pushes her buttons. Japanese girls are up for it, so long as the guy they like likes them back. Some guys are turned off by their sexuality, or lack thereof, saying that they don’t have the porn star moves of western women. But believe me when I tell you that they are willing to learn. And like in all other areas of life, they are happy to “Ganbaru”, “try my best”, with all the enthusiasm of a little kid opening presents from Santa.
6. Free Time
One thing that makes Japan a really great country is that there is a lot of variety in terms of how people live their lives. This is one of the factors that makes it such a fascinating country to watch and to live in. It never gets boring and even local Japanese media loves to continuously find new sub-cultures to expose and market to. One of the reasons is the large amount of discretionary time that Japanese people(and Japanese girls in particular) have. Before marriage a large percentage of Japanese girls are students, or hold part time jobs which leaves them with plenty of time to be out and about at cafes, malls, and restaurants in the daytime(interestingly, this pattern of behavior re-emerges after marriage once the kids are in school).
7. They Don’t Need Your Money
What’s more, because it’s totally normal and acceptable for singles to live at home, almost all of the money they make goes directly into their own pockets. Free room and board(usually), means they live and eat for free or close to it. That means that the $1,000 or so per month they make working at the local bakery can go directly towards shopping sprees, iPhone accessories, trips, and hobbies which helps to keep Japanese girls looking good, interesting and able to make time for you. So that’s 7 reasons I love Japanese girls. If you’ve dated Japanese girls before and you have a story to share about why you love Japanese girls too, share it below! (Many commenters felt that this post is dehumanizing to Japanese women, objectifies them and promotes a fetishization of Japanese women. To combat and mental and emotional trauma this post may produce I’ve also written, The Misogynists Guide to Loving Japanese Girls.)
Wednesday, November 16, 2016
– St. Augustine