Sunday, May 14, 2017
moors/arabs copied greek music and greek instrument called kanonaki and call it al kanun. And moors/arabs also studied aristotle and greek metaphysics and spreaded it to spain.
Al Kanun was developed by a Muslim philosopher of turkic ethnicity called Abu Nasr Al Farabi , he lived in the 4 century of Islamic era (X century AD) in Aleppo, he worked for the Hamadani Shia dynasty, who belonged to the same Arabian tribe as the actual Saudis. Al Farabi was the first Muslim to fully translate and comment Aristotle philosophy works into Arabic language, specifically Aristotelian logic and metaphysics, he then ignited the second wide-spreading action of Aristotle ideas thru the ancient world from the east to far east in Islamic India, and to far west to Islamic Spain and Europe [ the first spread of Aristotle ideas was in the aftermath of Alexander the great conquests from west to east (Mesopotamia and Egypt)]. After he finished his work on Aristotle philosophy, Al Farabi wrote a Music treatise, Kitab Al Musiqa Al Kabir (the Great Book of Music) where he suggested a tuning system based on dividing the octave into 25 intervals using Pythagorean geometry (Western Music divides the octave into 12 intervals), and; to demonstrate his system, he developed this Kanun instrument based on a ancient Greek instrument called psaltery https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psaltery or from another Greek instrument called Cithara https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zither Al Farabi tuning system is still used until now, it is actually the official system of the Arabian Music from Iraq to Morocco; while the Turkish music (and may be the Persian and Azeri musics too) uses the tuning system of another muslim musicologist; Abu Al Mafakhir Saffiyuddin Al Urmawi who lived in Baghdad in the 7 century of Islamic era (13th century AD) which divides the octave into 17 intervals, that's why a Turkish or Persian Kanun is smaller than an Arabian Kanun because the Arabian one has more strings.